In the UK, we normally sow seeds around February. Some people, however, sow around December to give the plants a good head start for the next coming season. At Henry’s, we mainly sow seeds during February and no later than March. There is a great variance in the number of days taken for a particular variety to reach maturity. Varieties such as Habaneros take 100 or more days (3 1/2 months) from potting to reach maturity. Some can produce ripe fruit in 60 days from sowing and others take as long as 120 days, especially the super hot ones that we all know and love.
There are three ways that we have sown seeds, and found great success with all techniques.
Use a damp piece of kitchen paper and keep the kitchen towel moist and warm by using an airing cupboard. Once the seeds have germinated they need to be potted. This is a fiddly way of sowing but it allows you to see how the seeds are progressing.
Put the seeds straight into a soil based compost and water lightly as needed.
This can be achieved in a heated propagator or any container with drainage holes. Pop it in an airing cupboard to keep warm.
Thirdly; Rock wool. This is our favourite method of sowing seeds. Soak the cubes in water and allow draining. Then poke a hole in the middle and pop a seed in. pinch the top over and place in a heated propagator.